Tennessee/Alabama Records of Shoemakes

Bledsoe County, Tennessee, Humble Cemetery 1980

The following graves were found in the Humble Cemetary

The following graves were found in the Humble Cemetery.. While these names appear as Shoemate, a search of the census of Bledsoe County show the names being spelled as Shoemake. It is for this reason, I have injected these names here. I believe the record will show that this group of Shoemates came from Chesterfield and Darlington Counties, S.C. I have inserted this information in this area of my journal for the purpose of making it easier to find. (You may see pictures of some of the headsones situated on the graves of some of the Shoemates buried in the Humble Cemetery by clicking here)

>1. George Shoemate, B. Oct. 18, 1907, D. July 5, 1965; (Ida M., wife, B. December 30, 1910)

>2. James B. Shoemate, B. 1884, D. 1957 Mamie B. (wife), B. 1886, D. 1960

>3. J. B. Shoemate, B. April 10, 1888, D. 1927

>4. Jesse L. Shoemate, B. August 22, 1887, D. December 11, 1947

>5. Annice B. Shoemate, B. August 14, 1897, D. D. November 15, 1988 (Wife of Jesse L. Shoemate)

>6. Ruffurs Byron Shoemate, B. June 17, 1913, D. March 6, 1977 Eunice Douglas (wife)
>>> B. September 24, 1912 D. ?

>7. John W. Shoemate, B. 1878, D. 1957. (This is apparently the John Wesley who married Harrirt Mudge and not J.W. Shoemate who was born in 1850, who was the father of Annice Shoemate. J.W. Shoemate was the father of John W. There is a rumor that Annice's father first married a Harriet Mudge. However the census record of 1910 shows John W. living in Chattanooga, Tennessee and is married to Harriet and therefore, could not be the father of Annice).

>9. Thomas J. Shoemate, B. October 23, 1898, D. July 31, 1966

10. Charles W. Shoemate, B. October 31, 1901, D. April 17, 1945

11.. L. M. Shoemate, B. 1887, D. 1939
12. Sarah E. (wife) B. 1869, D. 1892
13. Mattie Shoemate, B. April 4, 1861, D. April 13, 1899 (Second wife of L.M. Shoemate)
14. Lester B. Shoemate, B. April 2, 1883, D. April 19, 1893 (Son of L. M. Shoemake)
15. Charlie R. Shoemate, B. May 19, 1882, D. Jume 21, 1882 (Son of L. M. Shoemate)

16. Hannar (Hannah) Shoemate, B. 1791, D. March 17, 1882
(Hannah could have been the wife of Thomas Shomak living in Bledsoe County in 1830. It is noted that she had a son by the name of Thomas S.. It is possible that the S. stands for "Samuel" and if this be true, it is possible that Hannah's husband was the son of Samuel Jr. (II).

17. Thomas S. Shoemate, B. September 18, 1832 (Son of Hannah) D. August 25, 1914
>>> .(See Thomas Shoemate)
18. Rachel Shoemate, B. 1832, D. May 28, 1882 (Wife of Thomas Shoemate)

19. Matilda Shoemate, B. April 4, 1861, D. April 13, 1899 (Second wife of L. M. Shoemate).

20. J. W. Shoemate, B. May 7, 1850, D. April 10, 1916 (This matches the date given me by Annice as the birth date and death of her father John W. So his name was also John W. Shoemate)

21. Annis Shoemate, B. 1822, D. April 24, 1870 (The name Avis appears on the 1850 census of Bledsoe County, the grandmother of Annice, wife of James and mother of J. W. Shoemake)

22. Rhoda J. Shoemate, B. January 1, 1856, D. February 1, 1883.

23. Margaret Jane Shoemate Ferguson, B. 1842, D. 1915

24. Charles Ferguson, B. 1840, D. 1908 (Husband to Margaret Jane Shoemate)

25. Henry Shoemate, B. 1855, D. 1863 (Age 8 )

26. Hampton Shoemate, D. 1821

27. H. R. Shoemate, B. October 10, 1882, D. 1883.

28. Minnie Shoemate, B. June 14, 1868, D. September 12, 1945

29. Walter Shoemate, B. October 10, 1887, D. June 20, 1940

30. Mamie B. Shoemate, B. 1886, D. 1960

31. James B. Shoemate, B. 1884, D. 1957

32. Nellie K.Shoemate, B. May 12, 1915, D. July 1, 1924

Mt. Zion Cemetery, Victoria, Tennessee

1. Morris K. Shoemake, B. December 24, 1832, D. ? (Son of John Fletcher)
2. Lauraner, (wife) B. ? D. ?
In June of 2006, I had the opportunity to visit the cementery where Morris K. and his wife are buried. It was all grown up and the graves were difficult to locate. However, I kept probing around until I found them. I have pictures of some of the grave markers. Please click here and it will take you to that page. Allow time for the pictures to down load.
Mt. Zion Cemetery.


Jasper, Marion County, Tennessee and Jackson County, Alabama

In early November, 1980, having been to Pikeville, I visted Jasper, Tennessee, the county seat of Marion County. The courthouse was closed. However, My wife (who was traveling with me), and I would not be defeated, again I went to a phone booth and called one of the Shoemakes listed in the telephone directory. I was referred to a Mrs. Ryby Pruitt of Star Route, Sequatchie, Tennessee. This led us to the top of Mount Eagle. We located Mrs. Pruitt's house and introduced ourselves. She was very nice to us and invited us in. She shared with us what information she had, explaining that she had kinfolks living in Jackson County, Alabama, just across the State Line. This was several miles south from where she lived.

A Visit With Ruby Pruitt

>>>While visiting with Mrs. Pruitt, we had the opportunity of meeting some of her children. One could notice that they had Indian blood, because of their dark complection and their very dark hair.A picture of her father also showed that he was of Indian descent.

>>>Mrs. Pruitt gave us her father's name as James McKenly Shoemake. She said her grandfather's name was Thomas Shoemake, who died in 1926. Further research revealed that his name was Thomas Jefferson
Shoemake, a son of Morris K. Shoemake (Shoemate) who was a son of John Fletcher Shoemake, who was living in Bledsoe County in 1850, who was born in South Carolina in 1795. She also gave us the name of a Mrs. Lella Shoemake Morgan who lived in Tiftonia, Tennessee near Chattanooga. I was informed that her son had been working on researching the Shoemake Family of that area. She said I might get some information from him.

>>>After arriving back home in Ft. Oglethorpe, Georgia, (I lived there between July of 1980 and February of 1982). I called Mrs. Morgan and set up a time I could visit her. She was very nice and told us we could come over the next Saturday.

Visiting Mr. Lella Shoemake Morgan

>>>Every place that we went, we found a very warm welcome. Mrs. Morgan was no different. A pot of coffee was put on the stove and a platter of cookies were served. I reviewed the material that Mrs. Morgan's son had collected and filled my note pad full. She told me about her Uncle Arthur ( Richard Arthur) who lived about 45 miles away in Jackson County , Alabama. Further research led me to find Arthur. His name was Richard Arthur Shoemake, the son of Thomas Jefferson Shoemake, a brother to Mrs. Pruitt's grandfather. John Fletcher Shoemake was Arthurs great, grandfather.

>>>Here is the way that it works: Arthur Shoemake, the son of Thomas Jefferson, who was the son of Morris K. Shoemake, who was the son of John Fletcher Shoemake, who was the son of John Shoemake who came to Bledsoe County from South Carolina about 1800, by the way of Knox County, Tennessee.

>>>On the following Monday, I drove to Jackson County and sought to locate Arthur, but failed. So when I returned home, I called him on the telephone. He told me his father was Thomas Jefferson Shoemake who was born in 1861. This proved to be of great help in identifying the Shoemakes from Marion County, Tennessee with those of Bledsoe County. (See Arthur's letter, click here, and scroll down))

Children of Morris K. Shoemake. (Son of John Fletcher Shoemake)
-----1. Simon, B. 1857
-----2. Thomas Jefferson, B 1861, D. 1927. *
-----3. Jackson, B. 1863, D. 1908
-----4. William (Fletcher) B. 1867, D. ? (Beverly Navarrett, a decendant of William)
-----5. Mary E., B. 1869, D. 1899
-----6. James, B. 1872, D. 1898
-----7. Sarah Alace, B. 1874, D. 1905
-----8. Margaret, B. 1875, D. ?
____There was a George Jackson Shoemake who registered for the Draft for WWI. He was born in 1895 accoding to the Registration Card. This could be the Jackson listed above being a son of Morris K. He was born in Jasper, TN the same location as was Morris K. in or about that same time.

*Thomas Jefferson Shoemake, B. 1861, in Tennessee, son of Morris K. Shoemake, married to Laura Brewer. They had the following children.
-----1. William Morris
-----2. John Glaze
-----3. Alexander
-----4. Thomas 5
-----5. Laura
-----6. George
-----7. James McKinley *
-----8. Richard Arthur (Living in Jackson County, Alabama in 1980).
-----9. Horace Alton
-----10. Gilbert Houston; father of Mrs. Morgan
-----11. Barney Oscar
-----12. Charley

*James McKinley Shoemake, son of Thomas Jefferson was born. October 7, 1888, married Johnnie Beatrice Smith. She was born on August 14, 1908. He died and was burried in Jackson County, Alabama. Their children were:
-----(a) Lois Ruby Lee, (Pruit) B. October 19, 1924 (Living on Mount Eagle, TN)
-----(b) Frances Isabelle, B. February 27, 1926
-----(c) Doyal Edward, B. November 9, 1930
-----(d) Orvel "Jack" Born 1931 (Living in Jackson County, Alabama)
-----** All these children were born in Jackson County, Alabama
-----*** Lois Ruby Lee (Pruit) lives on Mount Eagle, near Jasper, TN). Mrs. Pruit provided the above information. (1980)

* An interesting Note: On August 25, 2006, I spoke with "Jack" Orvel Shumake, age 75, born in 1931, a son of James McKinley Shoemake who shared with me a bit of the Shoemake history. He said one of the Shoemake men came down to Alabama from Bledsoe County, Tennessee, and discovered that the farmers in the area were making good money raising cotton and went back to Bledsoe County and told the other family members and they sold their house and made a flat boat and floated down the Tennessee River to Jackson County, Alabama. He said they landed at an area called South Coon Creek, south east of Jasper about 30 miles.He said those who came down the river included John Fletcher and his children. All total he said were nine boys. Those he could remember were, Thomas, his wife, James, Gilbert, Richard, Horce, Morris K.

* Jack also told me that he was born and lived near the river in a cave. He called it a dugout.Jack said he was the youngest of James McKinley's children. He told me that in 1932 there was a storm that hit Jackson co. Alabama and his mother was killed in it and he was raised by her mother (grandmother).he said he was born in Jackson Co. Alabama in 1931 and is living there to this day.(2006).

Below is a cave home situated in Scott County, Tennessee, occupied by the West Family.

Seated are: Lemuel, Crusoe West and Alvin Smith

Door-way to the West Home

Please Note The Following: During my research in 1980, I visited the Chattanooga Library. Here I found many records which included tax rolls, voting records and census records of Bledsoe and Marion Counties. Here is what I found:

1. In 1825, a John Shoemake purchased 50 acres of land from Throas Holoway which was situated on Walton's Ridge in Bledsoe County (September 28, 1825, D. 224)

(a) John Fletcher, B. 1795. It is believed that this John was John Fletcher who was born in SC. (In 1850, he is shown with his family living in Marion County near Jasper, TN. This is just to the south of Bledsoe County).

(b) His wife's name was Mary. She was a Mulatto, who was also named Shoemake. I have reasoned that Mary was a cousin, even though Morris K., stated they were no kin. She could have been a daughter of Samuel, Blackley or Thomas. Thomas Shoemake, son of Morris K. Shoemake in a document filed with the Government to receive funds for Cherokee Indians stated that John Fletcher's wife was named Mary Sampley. However, Morris K. said her name was Mary Shoemake. I have later learned that those of Indian descent would have more than one wife. After recent research, I am prone to believe that this Mary, was the daughter of Samuel Shoemake. and Mary Sampley was the wife of Morris K.However, there are some things yet unclear.

2. Three years later, on February 11, 1828, a Robert Shoemake bought sixty-four acres of land from Thomas Riddle ( D 327). On November 13, 1832, he purchased 400 acres of land from John Bridgman. Both parcels were in Bledsoe County. It is believed that this Robert could of been a son of John Jr. who came from Chesterfield County, S.C. and was in Roane County Tennessee in 1807, a brother to John Fletcher Shoemake..

3. In 1850 there was a Robert Shoemake in Autauga County, Alabama. It is believed that the Robert who purchased land in Bledsoe is the same one who appears in Autauga County, AL. (See the children of John Jr., below:)

4. A deed was made on June 18, 1839 from Robert Shoemake to Eli Thurman, Bledsoe County, Tennessee, that stated he was living in Dekalb County, Alabama, at the time he made the deed. The deed stated that he sold to Thurman 300 acres.

4. Morris K. Shoemake filed an application with the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D.C. March 16, 1907 for funds due the Eastern Cherokees. On the application he listed his brothers, his father, father's brothers and his grandfather. I have a copy of this document in hand.

On June 3, 1912, Morris K. Shoemake made a Declaration For Pension for services rendered to the military. The document states that he enrolled as a private in the service of the United States (Federal) on the October 11, 1864 and was honorably discharged on June 30, 1865. (Apparently this was for the northern states).

The document stated that he was five feet and ten inches tall, complexion dark; color of eyes were dark and he had dark hair. He was listed as a farmer and his birth date was December 24, 1832. He lived in Bledsoe County up until his 13th birthday, and in Marion County, Tennessee for the remaining part of his life. He signed the document by is mark "X". (The physical discription of Morris K., indicates a strong possibility that he was of Indian descent.

5. John Shoemake (.Grandfather, according to Morris K.) was born in SC., about 1766. (The age of this John fits the age of the John Shoemake living in Jackson County, Alabama in 1830). Morris K. listed the following as the children of John, Jr
-----(a) John Fletcher, B. 1795, born in S.C.
-----(b) James
-----(c) William, d 1890
-----(d) Robert
-----(e) Sarah
-----(f) Dicy

John Fletcher's Children.: (1850 Census)
(a) James A. age 24, born about 1826.
(b) Sarah, age 24, born about 1826
(c) Sampson, age 23, born about 1827.
(d) John, age 22, born about 1828. (Morris K., listed this John as John Fletcher
--- on an application filed with the U.S. Department of Indian Affairs).
(e) Lorena, age 18, born about 1832.
(f) Morris Kane, age 17, born about 1833.
(g) Mary, age 15, born about 1835.

*The following persons were living in Bledsoe County, TN when the 1850 census were taken: (Taken from the 1850 Census Index)

(a) James Shoemake, page 374. This could be the James born in 1820, a son of John Fletcher, the father of John W. Shoemate.
(b) Hannah Shoemake, page 374, (B. 1791).She is reported to have been the wife of William Shoemake who was in Bledsoe County.. It is note worthy that her oldest son was named Thomas. From other documents, it is believed that Hannah's husband was named William Thomas Shoemake
(c) Scitty Shoemake, page 374 (See section on Hannah Shumate)
(d) Dicy Shoemake, page 360, daughter of John Jr. (B. 1796)
(e) Bartemius Shoemake, page 377
(f) William Shoemake. page 375, son of John Jr. (B. 1805)

* One will note that Robert Shoemake is no longer present, but accordingto a deed made for the sale of property he was living in Alabama. On June 18, 1839, Robert Shoemake deeded to Eli Thurman, of Bledsoe County, 300 acres of land for the sum of $1,000. The deed states that Robert was living in Dekalb County, Alabama at the time the deed was made. (Ref. Deed of Conveyance, P-246 ).

* James, Hannah, and Scotty were living next to one another. William being on the following page of the cenesus roll, indicates he too was in the same neighborhood. as well as Bartemius.
* Dicy on page 360 was several houses down from the others.

Jackson County Alabama

Below Is A Map of The Mississippi Territory
This Territory included Jackson County

The following information may offer an explanation as to why some
of the Shoemakes migrated to Alabama.


Americans have always been a people on the move. The first settlers at Jamestown and Plymouth had barely established a foothold in the early 1600s when they began to push into the continent's interior. Adventurous settlers, anxious to improve their fortunes, took up new lands in the west, confidently expecting them to be better than the lands they left behind. Westward movement of the colonists continued throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. By the time they declared their independence from Britain in 1776, Americans had pushed the line of settlement westward to the Appalachian Mountains.

After the Revolution, the westward movement of Americans intensified. During the first two decades of the nineteenth century, Americans moved west in such great numbers that historians refer to that mass movement as the "Great Migration." In 1800 there were only two states west of the Appalachians - Kentucky and Tennessee. In 1820 there were eight: Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Louisiana, Illinois, Indiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. The population of these eight western states had grown from 386,000 persons in 1800 to 2,216,000 in 1820. Mississippi was a product of the Great Migration.

The Mississippi Territory

The Mississippi country was opened to settlement in 1798 when Congress organized the Mississippi Territory. (Until it became a separate territory in 1817, Alabama was part of Mississippi.) A few settlers already lived in Mississippi when it became a territory. They were concentrated in two principal areas - the Natchez District and the lower Tombigbee settlements above and west of Mobile. Approximately 4,500 people, including slaves, lived at Natchez, considerably more than the combined free and slave population of 1,250 that inhabited the Tombigbee settlements in 1800. Outside of these two areas, the territory was populated only by the Native Americans.

Immigrants coming into the country could expect none of the conveniences or comforts of the civilized world they left behind. The deprivation and hardship that awaited the immigrant in the raw, primitive Mississippi wilderness of 1800 raises a fundamental question: Why would a person choose to leave the comfort and convenience of an established farm in one of the older communities for the perilous uncertainty of life in the Mississippi wilds? The answer to this question, in a word, is - Opportunity.

For the average person, economic opportunities had diminished in the older southern agricultural states as the available supply of fertile land dwindled. Generations of ruinous agricultural practices had, by 1800, exhausted the soils of the old plantations. This made the rich virgin land of Mississippi all the more attractive. The decline in soil fertility of the upper South had been accompanied by a sharp decrease in demand for tobacco, the region's staple product.

In 1980 I personally visited some of the decendants of the Jackson County Shoemakes: they were:

Mrs. Ruby Shoemake Pruit, Star Route, Sequatchie, Tennessee, her home was situated on Mount Eagle. Her father's name was James McKinley Shoemake, son of Morris K. Shoemake. Her grandfather's name was John Fletcher Shoemake. She explained that she had relatives living in Jackson County, AL.

I spoke with Richard Arthur Shoemake who was living in Jackson County following my visit with Mrs. Pruit (1980) and he told me that his father's name was Thomas Jefferson Shoemake, born in 1861, in Tennessee. He married Laura Brewer..He too was a son of Morris K. Shoemake, thus making John Fletcher his grandfather. He would be an uncle to Ms. Pruit.

Jackson County, Alabama, Census 1830
Census: Reel M-19-1 East of 4th Range line - Page 37

John Shoemake (I believe to be John Junior, born in SC abt. 1766)
1 male 50-60 (apparently John Shoemake, Jr.)
1 female 50-60 (apparently John's wife, Ann Bone) Both were born in South Carolina.

Notation: George W. Shoemake, living in Hartsville, S.C., being 92 in 1978 had a sister named "Betsy" who married a J. W. Bone. I offer this as proof that the Bone family lived in Chesterfield County, S.C.,

It is reported that John and Annie Thorn/Bone married about 1784 at South Carolina It is said that John was born about 1766. If this is the case, John Jr., would have been abt. 18 years of age.

Notation: I have received other reports that his wife was named Thorn instead of Bone. It is reported that sometimes among the Indians, it was not uncommon to have two wives. I questioned as to why that John's children found in Jackson County, Alabama, all had English names. I was told that it was because the Indians were being forced to move to a different location or marched to Oklahoma and resettled on a reservation. Therefore, they would give them English names in an effort to hide their idenity.

Notation Number Two: I have made the following observation as of 1/2/06, John Jr., the step-father of John A., apparently had two different wives. In the 1830 census it is stated that his wife was between 50 and 60 years of age (being born abt. the same time as her husband, 1776, in SC If you add 20 years that would have elapsed between 1830 and 1850, his wife would have been between 70 and 80 years of age). The 1850 census states his wife's name was Ann, age 66. This would make her to have been born in or abt. 1784. It is now understandable how John Jr., could have had a step-son and why he may have left his other family members in Tennessee while he migrated on down into Alabama, This would also explain why it is said that the wife of 1850 was of Indian blood, not taking away the possibility that his first wife could have been of Indian descent.

Ms. Myra V. Gormley, listed the above John as being "John "BallJack"1 Shoemake" who was born Abt. 1766 in Craven County, South Carolina, and died November 2, 1852 in Crow Town, Jackson County, Alabama.. However, after reading the name on the census of his step-son being listed as Jack A. Shoemake, rather than John A. Shoemake, it is more than likely that the step-son was "BallJack" Shoemake. (See Myra V. Gormley)

Jack A. Shoemake-(The 1850 Census records the name as Jack A. Shoemake) Some reports have given him the name John. He is said to be a step-son of John and the son of Ann. It is reported that some sons of Jack A.,(John) moved to MO. I have received reports from family members who trace their family lineage back to Jack A. (John). They have stated that Jack A. (John A.) was the son of Ann Thorn/Bone, but not the son of John Jr., her husband. If this be the case, one wonders if he was really of the Shoemake family. The 1830 census show the following living in his household
2 males under 5
1 male under 5
1 male 20-30, (John A.)
1 female under 5 5. 1 female 20-30 (Wife of John A.)

1840 Census, Reel M-704-7 - Page 41 (Jackson County, Alabama)

John Shoemake, Jr.
1 male 10-15 (Some believe this to be James Prestion Shoemake, submitted by Clyde Morrison, Metairie, LA, on July 30, 1995)
1 male 70-80, (John Shoemake,Jr., born in S.C.) In the same household were:

John A. Shoemake - (The 1850 Census records the name as Jack A. Shoemake)
son of John Jr. and Ann Thorn/Bone (Born in South Carolina)
1 male 5-10 2.
1 male 10-15
1 male 15-20

1850 Census, Reel M-432-7 District 19 - Page 99 (Jackson County, Alabama)

John Shoemake, Jr., age 84, born in S.C. (1766)
Ann Shoemake (wife) age 66, born in S.C. (1784

In the same household were:
John A. Shoemake, age 47, a farmer, born in S.C. (1803)
Note: The 1850 Census records the name as Jack A. Shoemake
1. Elizabeth, age 42, (wife), born in S.C. (1808)
2. Elizabeth, age 21, born in Tennessee
3. George, age 4, born in Alabama
*** Eli B., a James P. and a John W. Shoemake whose names were found on land deeds in Jackson County around 1850 are believed to be the sons of John A. It is reported that these boys moved to Missouri, Texas and Oklahoma.

**In 1836 Abijah Shoemake was living in Alabama.

The Index of the Federal Census for Alabama state the following:

1860 Alabama Census Index

1. Robert Shoemake, Autauga County, 145 Milton, AL
2. Alijah Shoemake, Bibb County, 815 Eastside, Ca. AL
3. Eliza Shoemake, Washington County, 995 No, TWS., AL
4. William Shoemake, Bibb County, 827 Eastside, Ca. AL.

1870 Alabama Census Index
1. Amanda Shuemake, Cleburne County, 353
2. Eliz Shuemake, Mobile County, 257
3. Daniel Shuemake, Henery County, 279
4. Gilmore Shuemake, Cleburne County, 361
5. Mary Shuemake, Dallas Couny, 647
6. Perry Shuemake, Montgomery, 293
7. Samuel Shuemake, Jackson County, 087
8. Thomas Shuemake, Cleburne County, 365

An Interesting Note Taken From "The Family Tree Maker CD's"

I ordered a set of CD's from the Family Tree Maker that was advertised over the
internet. These were to be used on one's computer. There were several CD's in the
kit. Different people had researched their family tree and submitted it to this
organization. How accurate this information is, I don't know. However, here are
some of my findings:
1. John Shoemake, Born about 1740 and died about 1784. John married
Elizabeth and after John's death she married a Jesse Minton. The couple had one
son and maybe more, but we are sure of one. It is accepted that this son was John Jr.,
who moved to Jackson County, Alabama and was living there in 1830.

(a) John Shoemake Jr. [II], Born about 1766 and Died about 1854, is reported to have married an Ann Thorn (Some have reported the name being Bone)
(1) John A. "Ball Jack" Shoemake, Born in S.C. about 1803, and died in Jackson County, Alabama about 1850. His wife was Elizabeth , born in 1808, and died after 1854. (Where the name "Ball Jack" came from, I do not know).
They had the following children. .
(a) William H. (?)
(b) James Preston
(c) John Wesley
(d) Elizabeth Ann

Land records show an Eli B., a James P. and a John W. Shoemake living in Jackson
County in 1850. At the time, I can not reconcile these children with information obtained
from other sourses. Nevertheless, I have inserted this finding with hope that I can at a
later date. It is reported that some of the sons of John A. moved to Mo.

By: Gloria Hardcastle

Ms. Hardcastle has filed this report of her findings regarding John A. Shoemake. It was taken from her genealogical website on Ancestory.com.

Reproduced at the National Archives
Text of Anna Shoemake application for money under the 1835 treaty:( exactly as written) State Alabama} December 1st 1853 Jackson County}This day came John A Shoemake And my mother Anna Shoemake & Eli B Shoemake & John W Shoemake my sons before me an acting Justice of the Peace for said county them being Cherokees men and woman claiming the rights of the Cherokee nation under the Treaty of 1835-36 which we never have received the benefit of said treaty and has never had the opportunity of informing ourselves to the parole (?) untill this present time and for the want of our cherokee friends and information repersent us to the government of the United States which now we will refer to our relations tht we are of Parch Corn family and Caty Thorn and the Big Bear and John and James Thorn and Anny Shoemakie lived at parchcorns on the Bank of Tennesee River where John son took his reservation on the path leading to Crowtown then moved to the place where John Benge took his reservation now called Bolivar then her & husband John Shoemake moved to the west fork of Crow Creek where they took there reservation and there lived until dispossed of by the lows of the country now she refers to her family her husband deceased the 2nd day of November 1852 which she is entitled to his per capita of all Just Dues under the treaty of 1835-36. She refers to her son John A Shoemake the only child she has or ever was known to have. She refers to her grandchildren and sons wife Elizabeth Shoemake my sons children now refer to the names and number John A Shoemake & Elizabeth Shoemake his wife Eli B Shoemake thire son & Elizabeth Ann Shoemake thire daughter Died on the 8th day of September 1853 and claims her per capita under the treaty of 11835-36 and all Just on the Government and John W Shoemake and George W Shoemake & James P Shoemake and William H Shoemake

NOTATION: At this point, I would like to return to Chesterfield County, S.C.,
1800 Federal Census.

Observation 1. John Shoemake, Jr., being between 26 and 45 years of age, had the
following living in his household in 1800: (See Census)
(a) 3 males under 10 years of age;
(b) 1 male between 10-16 years of age; (This matches the age of Abijah)
(c) 1 male 26-44 (self)
(d) 2 females under 10
(e) 2 females 10-15
(f) 1 female 26-44 (wife)

(This would match the brothers of John Fletcher as listed by Morris K. Shoemake,
who was born in 1833. He listed his grandfather John Shoemake's children as being
John Fletcher, b. 1795
(These names were provided by Morris K. Shoemake on a document filed with the Departmet of Indian affairs).

Observation 2. Moses Shoemake, being over the age of 45, living in Chesterfield
(a) In 1800, he is shown having one son being between 16-18. (This matches the age of Enoch)

Observation 3. In 1810 there is an Abijah Shoemake, being 26-45 years of age,
Abijah is shown as
(a) 2 males under 10.
(b) In 1820 he has 3 males under 10, and between 10-18.
***John, Jr, is shown in 1800 to be 26-45;
In 1810 Abijah is shown being between 26 and 45. This puts about 10 years
difference in their age. In my opinion John was the son of John Sr.[ I ] who died
about 1784.

Observation 4. Abijah appears in Autauga County, Alabama, in 1836, which is
situated northwest of Montgomery.

(a) In 1840, Robert Shoemake, born in SC.,1806, was living in DeKalb County,
AL.. In 1850, a Robert was in Autauga County, AL. His wife's name was Susan C.,
age 40. She too was born in SC. Robert was listed as a miller. age 44. Their children
were: Amos B., George W., William, and Robert.

On June 18, 1839, Robert Shoemake deeded to Eli Thurman, of Bledsoe County, 300 acres of land for the sum of $1,000. The deed states that Robert was living in Dekalb County, Alabama at the time the deed was made. (Ref. Deed of Conveyance, P-246 ). This Robert was living in Bledsoe County, Tennessee before moving to DeKalb County, Alabama. It appears that he was the son of John Shoemake and brother to John Fletcher Shoemake.

(b) In 1850, William H., age 35, born in SC.,1815, He was listed as a farmer, and was
living in Autauga County. In 1860, William H. was living in Bibb County, Alabama, situated a little further northwest of Autauga County. It is reported that his wife was of Bibb County. Her name was Eliza Camp. He is listed as a farmer, age 45, born in SC. and she is listed as being 36. Their children were:
John, 16;
James R., 14;
Sarah A., 13;
Bettie, 11; Mary, 8;
Adeline, 6;
Martha, 5; W., 4;
Marion, 2; and
Susan, 1. All children were born in Alabama.

(c) In 1860, Elijah Shoemake, age 46, born in SC.,1814, was living in Bibb County.
He was listed as being a farmer. His wife's name was Mary, age 35. Their children
were all born in SC. They were:
Eliza, 16;
Helen, 16;
W.G., 19;
Emily Jane, 14;
James, 12;
Frances (f) 10;
Noah, 7;
Mary, 5; and
Martha, 1.

(d) In 1840, John Shoemake, age 22, born in SC.,1818, was living in Bibb County
Iin 1840, age 32, and again in and in 1850 he was living in Washington County, Alabama, which is situated southwest of Montgomery and north of Mobile, Alabama.. His children were:
Martha A.,
Marie, and

There is a deed recorded in Bibb County, Alabama that states that James Moore sold a tract of land (45 acres) to a John Shoemake, 1837.

**The above information (Observation 4) taken from The Shoemake Pioneers
***Seeing that these four men are living in and around Abijah, I reason they are
the sons of Abijah. In 1810 he has 2 sons under 10, according to the census.
In 1820, the census show him as having 3 males under 10 and 1 between 10 and 18.
****The above William H., Elijah, and John, all fit into the age bracket of 3 males
under 10 in 1820. However, William H. could have been a decendant of John.
*****Robert fits the age of one of the males who was between the ages of 10-18 in 1820.
Conclusion: We now have both a John living in Jackson County, Alabama and Abijah
living in Autauga, County, Alabama.
***Clyde Morrison, 124 Orpheum Ave., Metairie, LA 70005-4540, states that James Preston was his great, grandfather. He said that he did not find either of the
John Shoemakes in the census records for Jackson County after 1850. However, Benjamin H. Shoemaker records in his book, Shoemaker Pioneers, page 390,
that the following names appear on the deeds of Jackson County, AL in 1850:
Eli B., James P
., and John W. Shoemake. These could have been the 3 sons
of John A. Shoemake. It has been reported that some of the decendants of
John A., moved to Missouri. James P., would have been the son of John A.
Shoemake. It is reported that James Preston moved to Texas and married
Sarah Louisa Tomblen on May 30, 1859. They had 11 children.

In late 1980, my wife and I traveled to Pikesville, situated in Bledsoe County, Tennessee. We visited the home of Annice Shoemate, age 83, who lived south of Pikesville. Here we learned about her father John W.Shoemate, son of James (Name was changed from Shoemake to Shoemate). She said he was born about 1841 and died about 1916.

James Shoemate/ Bledsoe County, Tennessee. Annice said her grandfather's name was James. She said that he was born in South Carolina. Also she pointed out that when he left S.C., he left two brothers in that State. There was a John and a William who were believed to be Mulatoes who were in Darlington County in 1820. The two purchased land there. Could it be that the John and William found in Darlington County who purchased land are the brothers of James?

NOTE: Annice Shoemate died in 1988 and is also buried in the Humble Cemetery. See photo of grave site.

Near Annice's home, on the same highway that ran past her house, was the Humble
where many of Annice's kinfolks were burried. There were many
Shoemate names found on the grave markers. Among them were found:


Hannah Shoemate's grave was there. It shows her birth date as being born in 1791, and died on March 17, 1882.
Thomas S. Shoemate's grave also was there. He was the son of Hannah. He was born
in 1832 and died on August 25, 1914. His wife's name was Rachel. She was born in 1832, and died on May 28, 1882. This is one reason I have concluded that Hannah was the wife of Thomas Shoemake who appears on the census list of 1830 in Bledsoe County. Her son was named Thomas. This is speculation, but could very well be true.

John W. Shoemate, son of James Shoemate, is also burried in the cementary. His grave
marker shows that he was born on May 7, 1850, and died on April 10, 1916.
Annice Shoemate said to me that John W. was her father.

James Shoemate's wife
, grandmother of Annice Shoemate, also is burried there.
Her grave marker reads that she was born in 1822 and died on April 24, 1870.
Her name was listed as Annis. (The 1850 census lists her name as Avis).

James Shoemate
-1850 Census of Bledsoe County Tennessee (Grandfather to Annice)
James is lised as being a Mulatto, born in 1820. His wife is listed as Avis.
The census list four children with their proper ages.
1. John W. , age 4 months, Born on May 7, 1850.
2. Mary E. , age 2 years
3. Margaret L., age 4 years
4. Sarah R. , age 5 years

* John W. was the father of Annice Shoemate. John W. Shoemate- (According to
Annice Shoemake) Was her father, Born on May 7, 1850, Died on April 10, 1916.
His children were:
(1) Thomas *
(2) William (Bill) *
(3) Joe *
(4) Annice Shoemate * (See Annice Shoemate)

Annice said her three brothers moved to Oklahoma. With them, Her aunt Sarah H., also
went to Oklahoma. It is reported that she died in a cyclone.
Why the move to Oklahoma? It could have been because the U.S. Government had established a reservation for the Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma. This set of Shoemates were listed as Mulatoes. Therefore, it could well be the reason for the move.

Samuel, Jr., - Bledsoe County Tennessee

Census 1830 lists Samuel, Jr., son of Samuel, who moved from Goochland, Virginia to Chesterfield, South Carolina, and then in the early 1800s, he moved to Bledsoe County, TN., He is found in Bledsoe County, age over 90, in the 1830 Census. With him lived two younger women. These could have been his daughters.

It is said that Samuel's father, Samuel Sr., [I], died in South Carolina about 1790. (There was a Hannah and a Dicy Shoemate living in Bledsoe County listed in the 1850 census. Dicy was listed on the document filed by Morris K.Shoemake with the Department of Indian Affairs to be the sister of John Fletcher, who would have been his aunt. As for Hannah, there is a strong possibility that she was the wife of Thomas who appeared in Knox County between 1800 and 1810, seeing that Hannah's oldest son was named Thomas. Other documented records state that her husband was William. This could have well been William Thomas Shoemake.

The 1800 Census of Chesterfield County, S.C. lists Samuel Shoemake, Jr, [II] over 45. It is reported that he lived in Bledsoe County, TN., in 1830. In 1800 he had the following living in his household:
1 Male under 16
3 Males 16-26
2 females

There is a Samuel Shoemake,[ III ] is listed in Chesterfield County, SC as being Samuel Jr.
1 male under 10

David Shoemake, is listed as being under 26, in the 1800 census of Chesterfield County, S.C. he has one male:
1 male under 10.
**This David could have been the son of Samuel for after the death of Samuel shortly after 1830, David moves to Mo.

A David Shoemake is listed in the Execution Docket, Bledsoe County Tennessee Circuit Court, (1813-1824), for the Spring Term of court, 1814. He was listed as a witness..

A John Shoemake, in September, 1813, also was listed in the Bledsoe County Circuit Court Clerks Office, Execution Docket 1810-1824. John had died and his will was being probated and a man by the name of John Thomas was the exicutor of the will. This is how it came to be that this John was mentioned in the court document.

In 1805, John Shoemake purchased 50 acres of land from Thomas Holloway which was situated on Walton's Ridge in Bledsoe County. The property was conveyed on the 23rd day of September, 1805. However, the deed was not recorded until the 11th day of January, 1828. I have a copy of the deed in hand. Why the delay in recording the deed I do not know. This deed tells me that John Shoemake was in Bledsoe County, Tennessee by 1805.

Moses Shoemake, over 45
1 male 16-18 ( I question if this person was Abijah or Enoch. Sometimes, I reason it
was Abijah and then I find evidence that it could be the other).

John Shoemake, over 26. This John is possibly the son of John Shoemake who died
about 1784. (John's wife, after his death, remarried a Jesse Minton). The 1800 census records this John having:
Three males under 10
One male 10-16
Three females Identifying the decendants of the above Shoemake males is rather a
difficult task. Where did they go, and where did they live? Much of the identifying is
mostly reasoning and guess work. However, there are some records that leave a clear trail.

Back To Knox County Tennessee

I have not tried to seperate and identify the following Shoemakes, I have only listed them.
Appearing in Knox County Tennessee are the following: (Land and Official Records) In 1799 Blackley, William, and Robert Shoemake signed a petition of residents of Knox, Tennessee.
1801 James Shoemaker married Sary Street.
1804 There was a Thomas Shoemaker. (This could be the Thomas that appears in Bledsoe County and is listed
on the Census in 1830).
1805 Blackley and David signed a petition in Anderson County,
1807 A John Shoemak filed a petition for the construction of a grist mill on
June 8, 1808 in Roane County, Tennessee.
1814 (May 2) John and Moses Shoemake were assigned 50 acres (25 each) of land by William Shoemaker.
1814 A Moses Shoemaker received 2 acres in Roane County (Bledsoe County was made up from Roane County.
There was a Moses Shoemake who married Martha Williams in Roane Co.Tn.
She wass born Cabpbell Co, Tn. This moses b. Apr. 27 1795 Pulaski, Giles Co.Twnnessee died 22 Sept. 1876 Silas, Choctaw Co., Alabama
Moses and Martha married 28 Dec. 1814 Roane Co.Tn.

Temporary Moving To Alabama

Reports from Sarah Shoemake Warren, Baton Rough, LA, 1989 In a letter sent to me
from Sarah A. Shuemake Warren, 15654 Hogenville Ave., Baton Rough, LA on April 10, 1989, she stated her father was James Morris Shoemake, who she said was the son of Thomas Jasper Shuemake. She expressed her belief that her father was a decendant of Jean De La Chaumette of Virgina. After she had read the book written by Jeanne W. Strong, "Our Shoemake Roots," she begin to believe the Shoemakes were of French decent.

She pointed out that her grandfather, Thomas Jasper Shuemake, who was born on July 10, 1870 in Jasper, Alabama. ( Tennessee) Here is her statement: "He had a trunk that was kept locked and when he died it was passed to his daughter and then on to her brother, Samuel Shuemake, and then it was opened by Samuel's grandson after his death. They always kept it locked and finally upon opening it, several french coins were found. This lead my cousin, Randal L. Haggard of Claremont, CA, to consider the French line because German proved nothing." Mrs. Warren also sent me copies of obituaries of Thomas Jasper and his wife Annie Betty (Clauch) Shuemake who were living near Conway, Arkansas at the time of their death.

Taken from the Obituaries: Thomas Jasper Shuemake B. 7/10/1871, Jasper, TN, D. 4/11/ 1943, X Annie Betty Claunch, B. 2/11/1894 in Purdy, AL, D. 2/3/1973. Their children were:
1 James Morris, B. 8/30/1909
2 Thomas Samuel
3 William Earl (living in Memphis, TN)
4 Rosa Pearl Shuemake X Thomas Murphy (Memphis, TN).

* Taken from the published obituaries in Conway, Arkansas, 1943. Mrs. Warren pointed out that Thomas Jasper Shuemake was a son of John Fletcher Shoemake. However, after researching my records and the Federal Census of 1850, John Fletcher was born in 1795. He would have been 76 years of age when Thomas Jasper was born.
The following was taken from the 1850 census of Marion County, TN.
John Fletcher Shoemake, B. 1795, age 55 in 1850. His children were listed as:
1. James A., B. 1826, age 24
2. Sarah, B. 1826, age 24
3. Sampson, B. 1827, age 23
4. John, Born in 1828, age 22 (Morris K. Shoemake listed this person as John Fletcher on an application filed with the U. S. Department of Indian Affairs. If this is the case, he would have been John Fletcher, Jr.).
5. Lorena, B. 1832, age 18
6. Morris Kane, B. 12/24/1832, age 17
7. Mary, B. 1835, age 15
* All records available point out that John Fletcher married a Mulatto (Indian) who was
named Mary Shoemake. It is my personal belief she may have been a cousin. She was
the daughter of either Samuel or Thomas Shoemake.
**Mrs. Warren also stated that after John Fletcher's wife Mary died, he married a
second wife and Thomas Jasper was a son of this marriage in 1871. It is reported that
John Fletcher, Sr., died in the late 1870's. This could well be true. However, I do question it. This John Fletcher, more than likely, could have been the son of John Fletcher, Sr. who was named John Fletcher, Jr. according to Morris K. Shoemake.

Note: Mrs. Warren indicates that John Fletcher, was her great grandfather. I have a question regarding this statement. In all logic John Fletcher would have been 76 years of age when Thomas Jasper was born. While this would be possible, I do not think it would be likely. If her great, grandfather's name was John, it would be reasonable to argue that John Fletcher's son John, Jr., born in 1828, would have been the great grandfather, thus making John Fletcher to be her great, great grandfather. However, I am not in a position to argue the case because of the lack of records. The last child of John Fletcher on the 1850 census was Mary. She was born in 1845. Between her birth and the 1850 census 5 years elapses. There is not shown another son after the 1850 census. However, Mrs. Warren explained that after the death of his wife, he moved westward across the Cumberland Mountains and married a second wife Therefore, I conclude that it must have been the John born in 1822.

In 1840 there was a John F. Shoemake living in Davison County, Tennessee. (I do not have any records on this John F., unless he was John Fletcher Jr.). Mrs. Warren also reports that John Shuemake, her great grandfather, maried Sarah G. Morris (Prim).

An Interesting Note: (Taken from OUR SHOEMAKE ROOTS by Jeanne Walters Strong)
Blackley Shoemake who was in South Carolina in the late 1700's is now found in Knox County, TN. in 1799. During the census of 1790, he was in Chesterfield County, S.C.
Blackley Shoemake, 1790, in Chesterfield County, S.C. had the following living in his household:
2 males over 16
1 male under 16 1799,
Blackley Shoemake, signed a petition Record in Knox County, Tennessee. On this petitio. also appeared the names of Robert and William Shoemake. In 1799, a Robert Shoemaker appeared next to Blackley on the taxlists. (Shoemaker Pioneers, page 391) 1805 Blackley and David Shoemake's names appeared on taxlists in Anderson County, TN 1.
David was listed on the census of Chesterfield County, S.C. in 1800. He was under 26 years of age. His wife was also under 26. In his household was:
1 girl under 10

1801 James Shoemake was married to Sary Street, in Knox County, TN.
1804 Thomas Shoemake appeared in Knox County. (This could have been the Thomas who appears in Bledsoe County in 1830 being 55 years of age.
1814 John and Moses were assigned 50 acres of land by William Shoemake. Moses was listed in the Darlington County, S.C. in 1810.
1814 (June 9) Moses received 2 acres in Roane County, TN.
It is note worthy that a John Shoemake, in 1830, was living in Bledsoe County, TN.,
in a Collored settlement, age over 55. This John would not have been John Fletcher because he was born in 1795 and he would have been only 35 in 1830. The John mentioned here is listed being over 55. Moreover, this age would fit into the age of John who appears in Jackson County, Alabama in 1850, being 84.
1830 Thomas Shoemake also was living in Bledsoe County, TN in a Collored settlement. His age was 55, This Thomas would not have been his son for he was born in 1775, being listed here as 55 years of age. Bledsoe County, TN
In 1813 a David Shoemake was listed as a defendant court case in Bledsoe County TN.
Later, sometimes between 1813 and 1824 also was listed in the Bledsoe County Circuit
Court Clerks Office, Execution Docket 1810-1824, was a John Shoemake. This David who is living in Bledsoe County in 1813, could have been the same David listed on the census roll of Chesterfield County, S.C. in 1800. A David was listed as being in Knox County, TN in 1805.along with Blackley Shoemake. (Taken from Our Shoemake Roots). David would either be a son of Blackley or a nephew.

ABIJAH SHOEMAKE / Chesterfield County , S.C.
Abijah Shoemake first appears on the 1810 census of Chesterfield County, S.C. He is listed as being between 26-45 years of age. He is married and has in his household:
2 boys under 10 years of age.
In 1820 he is listed as having:
3 boys under 10, and
1 boy between 10 and 18 years of age.
He is listed as being again as being between 26 and 45.

On April 10, 1818, Abijah is shown living in Chesterfield County, but he buys 450 acres of land in Darlington, a joining county, in S.C. He bought the land from Phillip Pitman (See Book G. Page 165B Darlington County, S.C.)
On August 11, 1819, Abijah along with Mary Jones signs as witnesses on a deed made
to by J. Farmer to J.W. Godwin (G. P. 346). After the 1820 census, Abijah is no longer
found listed on the S.C. Census, but in 1836 he is found living in Autauga County, Alabama with his wife Dorcas. (Taken from the research, The Shoemaker Pioneers, by Benjamin Shoemaker, Jr.) It is reasoned that the 4 sons also moved to Alabama with him.

The 1850 census of Alabama, compared with those in South Carolina in 1820, lends itself to this assumption. One would need to acquire a map of Alabama and locate the towns where each of the Shoemake boys were living in order to come to this conclusion.

Conclusion It is not possible to conclude any family tree because there is always someone who got left out and new family members are being discovered every day. However, there must be a stopping place. While I am sure there are many mistakes in my research, I am hoping that someone will take the information I have recorded and add to the Journal.

Submitted by Harring Dean Shuemake